Khoekhoegowab tone sandhi: prosodic structure and extended projections


Khoekhoegowab (Central Khoisan, Namibia) has contrastive tone, but in most prosodic positions a melodic-substitution process ('sandhi') neutralizes many of these contrasts. Sandhi lets us diagnose prosodic constituency. I show that the prosodic phrasing of the verb crucially depends on the position of tense marking: In matrix clauses, the verb always phrases together with tense marking, even at a distance. I propose that prosodic phrasing is sensitive to Extended Projections (Grimshaw 1991; Lopez 2009).

Paper presented at the special workshop ‘Tone and its kin’ at Annual Conference on African Linguistics 50, University of British Columbia